Singers

Unhasu Orchestra had many singers. Probably several hundred people participated in the various choir combinations. Like in the case of musicians, there were also many visitors, in which the UO policy was very liberal. Many of the visitors were not even professionals, but children, pensioners, athlets, factory workers, etc. UO employed several male singers, but the female singers were always both more numerous and more important. Especially important were the two female star vocalists, So Un-hyang, who performed in every single concert except the Paris concert, where singers did not go; and Hwang Un-mi, who was absent from one Pyongyang concert. In the analysis of individual concerts, I follow pictorially especially the changes in the outlook of these two, as they in a sense symbolize the whole orchestra. The outlook of male members did not much vary, except between civilian and occasional military dress, but the dress and style of female singers was always changing. So Un-hyang tended to sing more happier songs, while Hwang Un-mi was a most passionate interpreter of slightly moodier songs. There was also always a third female star singer. In the beginning she was  Ri Hyang-suk, but in midway she was replaced by Jang Yong-ok. There were many other good singers, too.

I have collected in the list below only Korean adult, trained singers, who performed at the front stage. This leaves out several Russian singers, as well as many Korean children and non-professional guests of honour. Pictures of some of these can be seen in the concert analysis.

Females

So Un-hyang 201005xx 58.34 s

So Un-hyang 서은향 20100500 58.34.

Before UO So Un-hyang is said to have performed in 왕재산경음악단 Wangjesan light music band. The other orchestra where she sang before UO was Pochonbo Electronic Ensemble; at least  in 2007 she has been observed in the Pochonbo “Unhasu” formation.

So Un-hyang 서은향20100417 53.13 s

So Un-hyang 서은향 20100417 53.13

Hwang Un-mi 201005xx 01.09.23 s

Hwang Un-mi 황은미 20100500 01.09.23. There is no knowledge about her before the UO years.

Hwang Un-mi 20100215 42.39 ss

Hwang Un-mi 황은미 20100215 42.39

Ri Hyang-suk 리향숙 20091010 10.55.png

Ri Hyang-suk 리향숙 20091010 10.55. Before UO, Ri is said to have worked at the Mansudae Art Troupe as well as 국가중주단 National Chamber Orchestra 国重奏団, which was active during the first half of the 2000s, and in terms of personnel was an early formation of UO. In UO Ri was a star singer until the 20101006 concert. Her manner of leaving the group was exceptional in the sense that only in her case there was a kind of clearly observable farewell performance; usually people just did not show up in later concerts. In Ri’s case the probable reason for leaving UO was pregnancy. She reappeared on stage in one of the KJI memorial concerts organized around State Merited Chorus in February 2012, i.e., 1 year 4 months later. Jang Yong-ok replaced her in UO.

Jang Yong-ok 장영옥 20121117 01.01.27 s

Jang Yong-ok 장영옥 20121117 01.01.27. Her pre-UO history appears to be similar to that of So Un-hyang. She is said to have performed in 왕재산경음악단 Wangjesan Light Music Band and Pochonbo Electronic Ensemble. During 2007-2008 she performed in the Pochonbo “Unhasu” formation. She was absent from early UO, but arrived there in autumn 2010, remaining till the end.

Among central Unhasu Orchestra stars we also have to count Pek Sung-ran. She did not sing, but she narrated with a magnificent, emotionally laden, perfectly trained North Korean propaganda voice. She was thus a vocalist.

Pek Sung-ran 백숭란 20100215 04.32 s

Pek Sung-ran 백숭란 20100215 04.32. She did not participate in every concert, but was with UO almost from the beginning till the last concert.

The following singer ladies come in a rough order of first appearance. Or the group’s appearance. Pictures are sometimes from later performances; the quality level of the videos is so variable.

Pek Mi-yong 백미영 20090908 19.53 s

Pek Mi-yong 백미영 20090908 19.53 s. She performed in the debut concert, and twice during the following spring in the 20100415 and 20100417 concerts. She was also a singer in the pre-UO groupings 국가중주단 National Ensemble (early 2000s) and 보천보 《은하수》 Pochonbo “Unhasu” (2008-2009).

Pek Mi-yong 백미영 is an important singer. She is a mezzosoprano, who had a good education in the centre of Pyongyang. As hwabuk tells in yForum, she studied singing either at the Pyongyang Pothonggang Middle School, or the Central District Tongan higher Middle School 중구역동안고급중학교, or both. It is possible that she changed from a more peripheral lower middle school to a more central one along her studies. There exists a video by uriminzokkiri about the latter school in 2013. After that she studied at the Pyongyang University of Music and Dance, nowadays KWGUM, like practically everyone else here.

Pek Mi-yong 백미영 20100415 01.10.57

Pek Mi-yong 백미영 20100415 01.10.57.

She was a pioneer in the success of North Korean singers in singing competitions abroad. She won a shared second prize at the Maria Caniglia singing competition in Sulmona, Italy, in 2003. She was also mentioned in an Italian newspaper.  A year later in August 2004 she was again competing, winning a first prize at the Taurianova singing competition, where also the male bass singer Kim Ki Yong participated and won. It is not known whether Pek stayed the whole year in Italy at that time … but information about small singing contests like the ones in Taurianova and Sulmona must have reached Pyongyang in one way or an other. Pek Mi-yong did not become a regular UO singer; she moved to the State Merited Chorus, where in February 2012 she was awarded the title “People’s Artist” 인민배우 Inmin Beu.

Ham Kum-ju 함금주 20091010 01.24.14 s

Ham Kum-ju 함금주 20091010 01.24.14. Performed only in the first two concerts. She came from the Mansudae Art Troupe, and held the title of People’s Actress.

Moranbong, sometimes called also Moranbong Chorus, or Moranbong sextet. Many singing ladies have participated in the group, but in different times. With UO they always performed as a sextet, with ten ladies appearing in total. Though certainly not old, many of them also were not especially young. The group was established at least in 2008, if not earlier. Nothing is known of their background, but they have the aura of Pyongyang upper class ladies, who have singing as a nice occupation. But this is only a guess, without any real foundation. With UO the group performed during 2009-2011.

Moranbong Ri Ok-hwa 리옥화 20091010 25.24 s

Moranbong Ri Ok-hua 리옥화 20091010 25.24. Like So Un-hyang and Jang Yong-ok, she participated in the Wangjesan Kyongum Aktan, and in 2008 was a member of the Pochonbo “Moranbong” formation.

Moranbong Kim Song-sim 김성심 20091010 23.23 s

Moranbong Kim Song-sim 김성심 20091010 23.23. The same history with Ri Ok-hua.

Moranbong Unknown Unknown 20091010 25.13 s

Moranbong Unknown & Unknown 20091010 25.13. They could bear any of these names: 권미화 Kwon Mi-hua, 강윤희 Kang Yun-hui, or 한옥희 Han Ok-hui, who in 2008 were singing in the Pochonbo “Moranbong” quartet.

Moranbong Kim Ok-ju 김옥주 20091010 51.45 s

Moranbong Kim Ok-ju 김옥주 20091010 51.45. Similar early career with Ri Ok-hua and Kim Song-sim: Wangjesan Kyongum Aktan and Pochonbo “Moranbong”.

Moranbong Han Sol-hyang 한설향 20091010 51.06 s

Moranbong Han Sol-hyang 한설향 20091010 51.06. Very similar career history with the previous ones: first Wangjesan Kyongum Aktan, then Pochonbo “Sobeksu” in 2008, and finally Moranbong.

Moranbong Je Su-hyang 제수향 20100215 12.06 s

Moranbong Je Su-hyang 제수향 20100215 12.06-

Moranbong Kim Hyang-mi 김향미 20100417 21.32 s

Moranbong Kim Hyang-mi 김향미 20100417 21.32

Moranbong Unknown 20110202 UT中歌 03.59 s

Moranbong Ri Kyong 리경 20110202 中歌 03.59. Ri Sol-ju’s middle school and high school classmate.

Moranbong Ri Sol-ju 리설주 20110204 28.44 s

Moranbong Ri Sol-ju 리설주 20110204 28.44.

There exists a short Ri Sol-ju biography by the journal 민족21 in 20120901. It is somewhat different from the rather rudimentary one in Wikipedia. As Minjok21 journalists could visit North Korea occasionally interviewing people, including meeting Ri Sol-ju herself in 2007, had access to early photographs, and in general presents systematic information, I am inclined to follow this biography until it is proven wrong. Excerpts in English here; some probable school dates added by me. Her career would be quite typical also for many other Unhasu Orchestra artists.

1988. Was born in a wealthy and influential Pyongyang family. Exact birthday unknown.
1992 or 1993  (age 4 or 5). Went to Kyongsang Kindergarten 경상유치원 in the Central district in Pyongyang. It is specialized in early musical education, and Ri thus started a career that is perhaps considered ideal for the daughter of an elite family: in the world of culture as a beautiful opera singer. Marriage does not necessarily cut the career, as there are also middle aged and veteran singers, but the front stage tends to be overwhelmingly dominated by young women.
1994 (age 6). Moved to Changjon Primary School 창전소학교 in the same area.
1999 (age 10). Moved to Kumsong Number 1 or 2 Middle School 금성제2고등중학교 (many confusions with the name). One of her classmates at least sometime during this period was Ri Kyong 리경, who presumably came from a similar background and followed a similar career. While there, Ri Sol Ju went during afternoons to 평양학생소년궁전 = 平壌学生少年宮殿 Pyongyang School Children’s Palace, established by Kim Il Song in 1963. It is situated a little north of the Kim Il Song Square; this also in the very centre of Pyongyang. During her middle school years she went also to  만경대학생소년궁전 = 万景台学生少年宮殿 Mangyongde School Children’s Palace, established by Kim Jong Il in 1989. It is the largest of the children palaces, situated in northern Pyongyang, near the birth place of Kim Il Song. She continued her musical education in both afternoon schools.
2002 (age 14). Visited Fukuoka in Japan as a member of the North Korean team participating in a UNESCO children’s art festival.
2003 (age 15). A girl named Ri Sol Ju participated in the North-South border in Kosŏng County in Kangwŏn province in an inter-Korean tree planting ceremony organized by the Red Cross. Her school information is different, but these two Ri Sol Jus are most likely the same person.
2004 (age 16). A girl with the same name participated as a companion in Mount Kumgang in an inter-Korean teacher’s conference.
2005 (age 17). Moved probably in April to Kumsong Institute 금성학원, which is a high school specialized in musical education. It is divided into a musical instrument education programme, and a singing and dancing programme. Ri continued her specialization in singing, like c. 150 other girls. This number also attests to the popularity of high class singing in the education of the daughters of Pyongyang elite families.
2005 September. Participated in inter-Korean cultural events during the 2005 Asian Athletics Championship in Incheon in South Korea, singing with her classmates Ri Kyong and Kim Su-hyang. The visit lasted for 6 days and 5 nights.

There exists a photo in the 민족21 article taken in 2007.05.11 in front of the school. There we see Ri with some of her classmates, all of them presumably in their third grade and about 19 years old at the time. Most of them are familiar from later UO concerts.

Kumsong Institute

From right to left: Yu Pyol-nim 유별님 (Wangjesan yesuldan/UO), Kim Su-hyang 김수향 (UO), Ryang Un-ju 량은주 (no career info), Ri Sol-ju 리설주 (Moranbong/UO), Ri Kyong 리경 (Moranbong/UO). Beside her in blue dress is a girl who looks very much like Kang Yon-hui 강연희 (UO), though Minjok21 does not give her name.

2008 March (age 20). Graduated from high school and went with several of her classmates to do foreign studies at a university in Beijing, but it is not clear whether the institution was the Central Conservatory of Music 中央音乐学院 or the China Conservatory of Music 中国音乐学院. The former is more probable, as it is more concentrated on modern music, and the latter on traditional Chinese music. The total length of the visit is not known, but Ri is supposed to have returned to Pyongyang in late 2008 or early 2009. Besides music, she studied also Chinese in Beijing. Sometime around this period between studies and the short professional career she is supposed to have travelled in Germany and perhaps also in other European countries. She may also have started her professional career as a singer in the 인민보안성 예술선전대 人民保安省芸術宣伝隊 Ministry of People’s Security Artistic Propaganda Corps, but this info is unsure.
2010.09.09 (age 22). Debut in Unhasu Orchestra.
2011.02.04. Appearing in her final UO concert as a member of the Moranbong sextet. Whether she participated in recording songs for CD with Moranbong is not known. Her publicly visible career as a professional opera singer lasted only for six months. After that, marriage and then kid(s).

Wangjesan/Wangjaesan yesuldan 왕재산예술단, or Wangjesan art group, was a group of six ladies, which every now and then performed with UO during 2009-2010. They were obviously part of the larger Wangjesan Light Music Band. Some of the group’s member performed also solo, or in combination with other UO singers. Like in the case of Moranbong, some of them were not especially young, having often already professional experience in the larger Wangjesan grouping.

Wa Pak In-ok 박인옥 s

Wangjesan Pak In-ok 박인옥 20100215 09.26-. Before this choir, a member of the Wangjesan Kyongum Aktan.

Wa Yu Pyol 유별 s

Wangjesan Yu Pyol(-nim) 유별(님) 20100215 09.26-. Ri Sol-ju’s high school and Beijing foreign studies classmate.

Wa Kim Ju-hyang 김주향 s

Wangjesan Kim Ju-hyang 김주향 20100215 09.26- . She later joined the Chongbong Band.

Wangjesan Jong Sun-nyo 정순녀 20100417 41.09

Wangjesan Jong Sun-nyo 정순녀 20100417 41.09. There exists in YouTube a video of her performing several years younger, probably at the Wangjesan Kyongum Aktan where she, like all older members of this group, seems to have started her career.

Wangjesan Hwang Sol-kyong 황설경 20100500 29.51

Wangjesan Hwang Sol-kyong 황설경 20100500 29.51

Wangjesan Song Un-sim 송은심 20100500 29.04

Wangjesan Song Un-sim 송은심 20100500 29.04

———–

Individual singers

O Hyang-mi 오향미 20100215 21.42 s

O Hyang-mi 오향미 20100215 21.42. She visited only in one concert.

Choe Sol-hui 최설희 20100215 29.15 s

Choe Sol-hui 최설희 20100215 29.15. Participated in a few concerts during early UO.

Jo Hye-kyong 조혜경 20100215 57.45 s

Jo Hye-kyong 조혜경 20100215 57.45. She visited only once. People’s Actress from the Mansudae Art Troupe. In 1986 in Moscow she (romanized as Zo He Gen) was one of the laureates of the VIII International Tchaikovsky Competition, receiving the fifth prize. With her in the competition participated also a male singer Kim Jin-guk (Kim Din Guk) 김진국, who likewise became a laureate on a shared fourth place in the male category. He later became a teacher at KWG University.

Ri Jong-hwa 리정화 20100308 01.08.01 s

Ri Jong-hua 리정화 20100308 01.08.01. She stayed for two concerts.

Ham Son-hui 함선희 20100415 34.45 (1)

Ham Son-hui 함선희 20100415 34.45. She stayed for two concerts.

Kim Hyang 김향 20120619 s

Kim Hyang 김향 20120619. She debuted together with Ham Son-hui in 2010, but remained in UO till the end.

Pek Mi-yong 백미영 20100415 01.10.57

Pek Mi-yong 백미영 20100415 01.10.57. A one time visitor in UO, but she had performed in the National Chamber Orchestra in the early part of the 2000’s, and during 2008-2009 in the Pochonbo “Unhasu”.

Kang Una 강운아 201005xx 24.28 s

Kang Una 강운아 20100500 24.28. One time visitor.

Che Chol-ok 채철옥 & Ko Yong-mi 고영미 20100500 29.24 s

Che Chol-ok 채철옥 & Ko Yong-mi 고영미 20100500 29.24, one time visitors

Choe Un-hyang & Choe Mi-hyang 최은향 & 최미향 20100500 34.07 s

Choe Un-hyang 최은향 & Choe Mi-hyang 최미향 20100500 34.07. KWGU students; they could be seen in the choir later, but not at the front stage.

Kim Kyong-hui 김경희 20100500 41.27 s

Kim Kyong-hui 김경희 20100500 41.27. Became a permanent singer.

Rim Un-hua 림은화 20100500 54.56 s

Rim Un-hua 림은화 20100500 54.56. KWGU student. Performed often afterwards, also in the choir.

Pak Kum-hui 박금희 20100500 55.11

Pak Kum-hui 박금희 20100500 55.11. She is a bit difficult to categorize. When arriving at UO she appeared as a KWGU student, in the same dress and singing with other young females with a student status, but on the other hand she already had a singing career behind her. Like so many other singers from So Un-hyang onwards, also Pak has been a member of the Wangjesan Kyongum Aktan, and in 2007 she sang together with So and Jang Yong-ok in the first published recording of Pochonbo “Unhasu”.

Kim Su-hyang 김수향 20100500 54.41 s

Kim Su-hyang 김수향 20100500 54.41. KWGU student. Visited often afterwards, also in the choir. Ri Sol-ju’s high school classmate.

Kang Yon-hui 강연희 20100500 56.51 s

Kang Yon-hui 강연희 20100500 56.51. KWGU student. Visited often afterwards, also in the choir. Probably Ri Sol-ju’s high school classmate, or look-alike.

Hong Son-hua 홍선화 20100911 10.37 (1)

Hong Son-hua 홍선화 20100911 10.37. One time visitor. She is said to belong to the 영화밎 방송악단 Film Music Broadcasting Ensemble.

Lady Ko xx 고?? 20100911 27.36 x

Lady Ko ?? 고?? (name unclear) 20100911 27.36. One time visitor.

Kim Myong-sin 김명신 20100909 01.07.36 s

Kim Myong-sin 김명신 20100909 01.07.36. First unfrequent appearances, also in the choir, from 2012 onwards regular performances.

Pak Son-song 박선송 20100911 01.27.09 (1)

Pak Son-song 박선송 20100911 01.27.09. One time visitor.

Jang Song-mi 장송미 ????? 20100911 01.27.57 (1)

Jang Song-mi 장송미 (?? name unclear) 20100911 01.27.57. One time visitor.

Han Suk 한숙 debut 20101006 47.13 s

Han Suk 한숙 20101006 47.13. Frequently performing after this.

Rom Song-hui 럼송희 20101006 57.07 s

Rom Song-hui 럼송희 20101006 57.07. Frequently performing after this.

Ri Kyong 리경 perhaps 20101006 01.03.50 s

Ri Kyong 리경 (? unclear) 20101006 01.03.50. One time visitor.

Ro Un-pyol 로은별 20110204 19.26 s

Ro Un-pyol 로은별 20110204 19.26. Performed often afterwards.

Sin Yun-hui 신윤회 20110204 44.35 s

Sin Yun-hui 신윤회 20110204 44.35. Performed often afterwards.

Sa Kum-ju 사금주 perhaps 20110204 44.11 s

Sa Kum-ju 사금주 (? unclear) 20110204 44.11. Performed in three concerts only.

Pak Mi-kyong MB 20110719 19.48 ss

Pak Mi-kyong 박미경 20110719 19.48. Visited only once; from 2012 onwards vocalist in the Moranbong Band.

Kim Ming-hua 김밍화 20110719 20.15 ss

Kim Ming-hua 김밍화 20110719 20.15. Performed in two concerts.

Mo Un-pil perhaps 모은빌 perhaps 20110719 30.56 s

Mo Un-pil 모은빌 (? unclear) 20110719 30.56. Visited twice.

Kim Hyang 김향 20110719 51.57 ss

Kim Hyang 김향 20110719 51.57. Became a frequently participating singer.

Jang Song-mi 20121117 10.55 s

Jang Song-mi 20121117 10.55. She appears different from a lady with a similar looking name in 20100911. This Jang Song-mi was first seen in the 20111011 concert. Became a regular member.

Kim Song-hui 김성희 20120619 13.59 ss

Kim Song-hui 김성희 20120619 13.59. She was first observed as a KWGU student in the choir in the 20100308 concert. A year and half later she arrived in the 20111011 concert from the Phibada (Sea of Blood) Opera Troupe, and performed often afterwards, seen sometimes also in the choir. In the 20120606 concert she also appeared on front stage as a teacher of children of the Ryulgok Middle School. Apparently singers can move a lot between different ensembles and work places. 

Kim Il-hua 김일화 20120217 30.45 s

Kim Il-hua 김일화 20120217 30.45. Participated also in two more concerts.

The stream of new female singers ended here in February 2012. One more female guest can be added to the list.

Ryu Kyong-e 류경애? 20120501 47.18 s

Ryu Kyonge 류경애 (? unclear) 20120501 47.18. A film actor, but also sings well; one time guest.

Males

Unhasu Orchestra perhaps had only one male star singer, Kim Ung-sam, who started in the second concert (20091010; in the UO debut concert there were no Korean male singers). Especially during the early UO period he performed often and the most important male numbers. During 2011 his performances became sporadic, and he was last seen on stage with UO in spring 2012.

Kim Ung-sam 201005xx 21.46

Kim Ung-sam 김웅삼 201005 21.46

Like in the case of females, there were also many male guests. New additions to the group of male singers were also regularly made, most of them males who first appeared in the choir of KWG University students, and from there entered the front stage. At the late career of UO practically all male singers were this kind of new GWGU graduates. Males had no groups corresponding with the Moranbong and Wangjesan sextets.

Ri Ryong-hyon 리룡현 20091010 47.47 s

Ri Ryong-hyon 리룡현 20091010 47.47. He was employed in two concerts, until the end of 2009.

Nam Won-chol 남원철 20120308 10.01 ss

Nam Won-chol 남원철 20120308 10.01. Perfomed in the 2009 New Year concert, and then again in spring 2012.

Nam Won-chol 남원철 20091230 11.49 s

Kim Yong-je 김용재 20091230 11.49. Was also in the next concert, and then like Nam Won-chol, returned once to the 20120308 concert. Appears also in the list of pianists.

Ho Kwang-su 허광수 20100215 12.52 s

Ho Kwang-su 허광수 20100215 12.52. Performed only one song. He is a Merited Actor from the Mansudae Art Troupe.

Kim Il-hwang 김일황 20100215 24.56 s

Kim Il-hwang 김일황 20100215 24.56. Specialized in traditional style singing. Frequent visitor in 2010 in concerts where such songs were performed. After that KWGU graduates, especially Ri Chun-il, took his role when needed.

In the 20100415 concert started the movement of young males from the choir to the front stage. In the beginning they could return to the choir for a while, but some came back to the front again, becoming very important singers. They tended to arrive in groups of 3 or 4. This time came four; their pictures are from later concerts.

Ri Chun-il 리춘일 201005xx 15.23 s

Ri Chun-il 리춘일 20100500 15.23. He became the most frequently performing one of all the male singers, staying with UO till the end. After UO he has been sighted in the State Merited Chorus, but that must have been a big fall from the magnificent soloist career in UO during 2010-2013.

Mun Myong-sam 20121222 31.52 s

Mun Myong-sam 문명삼 20121222 31.52. He became a reliable UO singer, was used fairly frequently, and stayed with the ensemble till the end.

Kim Song-jin 김성진 201005xx 15.07 s

Kim Song-jin 김성진 20100500 15.07. He performed often during 2010, but only seldom after that.

Jo Chol-hui 조철휘 20100417 23.12 s

Jo Chol-hui 조철휘 20100417 23.12. He performed often during 2010, moving away after that.

Mr. Ri (?) 20110204 24.46 s

Mr. Ri (? unclear) 20110204 24.46 s. One time visitor.

Mr. Kang (?) 20110204 26.15 s

Mr. Kang (? unclear) 20110204 26.15. One time visitor.

Kim Yu-chol 김유철 20121117 01.12.48 s

Kim Yu-chol 김유철 20121117 01.12.48. He arrived in the 20110204 concert and became an important regular singer.

Ri Kum-hyok 리금혁 20110719 40.08 s

Ri Kum-hyok 리금혁 20110719 40.08. Became an important regular singer.

Kang Kyong-hun 강경훈 20110719 05.40 s

Kang Kyong-hun 강경훈 20110719 05.40. Became an important regular singer.

Kim Kyong-ho 20110719 47.59 s

Kim Kyong-ho 김경호 20110719 47.59. Became an important regular singer. Son of Kim Ki-yong.↓

Kim Ki-yong 김기영 20120308 27.39 s

Kim Ki-yong 김기영 20120308 27.39. A professional bass singer at the State Merited Chorus, one time visitor at UO. The father of Kim Kyong-ho.

Kim Ki-yong is/was a famous and important North Korean singer. He studied at the Pyongyang University of Music and Dance, and has worked at least in the State Merited Chorus. In 2004, when he was in his 50s, he was sent to Italy, where he won a first prize at the 3rd “Concorso Internazionale Lirico di Canto Taurianova” in August 2004. Taurianova is in Southern Italy, and the competition is not one of the most famous, but anyway, he competed internationally and was successful. He may also be the father of Kim Kyong-hui; this guess is based on the similarity of her name with that of the son, facial similarities, and simultaneous membership in UO.

Ri Sun Hong 리순홍 20120501 01.18.54 s

Ri Sun Hong 리순홍 20120501 01.18.54. Film actor, comedian, singer. One time visitor.

Kim Re-ryong 김래룡 20130308 17.41 ss

Kim Re-ryong 김래룡 20130308 17.41. He was the final addition to UO’s male singers, performing in all of the five remaining concerts.

Yun Du-gun 윤두근 20130308 39.46 s

Yun Du-gun 윤두근 20130308 39.46. Yun is not really a professional singer, but because he has written the lyrics to so many songs UO performed, perhaps he should be mentioned also here. One time visitor.